Presidents and Political Leaders

Listings shown are sorted alphabetically.

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Cleveland responds to recommendations regarding an Indian orphanage

Grover Cleveland—ALS as Governor, Sept. 15, 1883 to William Clement Bryant of Buffalo regarding the Thomas Indian Asylum. Cleveland reports that he has not accepted some recommendations from the school’s trustees and asks for a confidential report on the difficulties at the Asylum. The Thomas Orphan Asylum for Indian Children was created to care for orphaned Native American children—mostly Iroquois. It became an embarrassing symbol of warehoused neglect. Bryant was an early historian of American Indians, writing books and many articles on the subject. His work obviously extended to social and cultural support in trying to care of orphaned children.

This is a nice one page Cleveland letter as Governor although the real interest is the reference to Indian Asylum and the unhappy history of government ambivalence, if not neglect, towards orphaned Native children. The left edge is irregularly cut from removing the folded blank pages of the bi-folium sheet and there are two old small remnants of tape on two edges. This is an uncommon example of any piece connecting Cleveland with Native American matters.

William Clement Bryant served as president of the Buffalo City Council and president of the Buffalo Historical Society. He also served as a trustee of the Thomas Indian Asylum.
Charles Marshall was a leading citizen of Buffalo who like Bryant served on the Buffalo Historical Society and served as Trustee, Treasurer and Vice-President of the Orphan Asylum. In 1885 he was adopted into the Seneca Indian nation because of his interest in Native heritage and studies. [# 5102]

[Executive Chamber]
[Albany] Sept 15 [188]3
My dear Sir,

I have lately reviewed the suggestions of yourself and the Mr. Marshall as trustees of the Thomas Indian Asylum. Neither of these have been accepted.

Will you please tell me as confidentially as you desire, just what the difficulty is?

Yours very truly
Grover Cleveland
To Wm. C. Bryant, Esq

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Charles Curtis LS as Hoover’s vice president and first person of American Indian descent (1/4 Kaw) to be elected vice president. Curtis sends King Hostick two signed envelopes (not present). Hostick was a pioneering collector of the early 20th Century, amassing a huge collection largely by writing to people. [#4484]

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Denies any German relations at the close of the war

Dwight Eisenhower –initialed autograph note denying any relatives living in occupied Germany. Eisenhower’s writing is undated but certainly from April or early May 1945. His note is on a translation of an appeal for help from Leipzig on April 19, 1945, hours before its formal surrender.

As Leipzig was falling a German woman appealed to Eisenhower for some special treatment and protection. She was relying on a family story that her late husband was a first cousin of the Supreme Allied Commander. Undoubtedly this relationship was not talked about loudly during the war. As the city was falling and Americans arriving it was time to reveal the secret. The widow hoped family ties would spare her.

Just in case they had found one of Ike’s relatives, Army personnel apparently kept kicking the letter higher up the chain of command until it had nowhere higher to go. Eisenhower wasted no time sending it right back down the chain with an emphatic declaration that he has no close relatives in Germany and nobody would receive special treatment by claiming family ties.

Eisenhower’s note was no doubt also a directive to staff about how any future claims were to be handled. It reads: “No relative! No ancestor of either my mother or father has lived outside U.S. since 1740! Tell G-5 to write in above sense and saying she can appeal to local officials. D.E.”

It is easy to imagine Eisenhower’s anger at such a claim and any expectation that any conquered Germans would receive special treatment from him. Just days or weeks before seeing the letter he had toured the Ohrdruf concentration camp. Now after years of struggle and waiting for the complete destruction of Nazism some woman dares to expect special treatment based on an outrageous claim that he was one of them. It is harder to imagine how devastating the response must have been to the woman. Her world had turned inside out from the destruction of her country, loss of relatives and now fearing loss of her few physical possessions and property. She would soon learn that even the family stories that gave her hope were myths and her dead husband’s “family” would not help her.

Leipzig represented one of the last American engagements in Europe as Eisenhower held back from crossing the Elbe into Berlin. This letter is an intriguing example of how quickly Eisenhower was shifting focus from military conqueror to peacetime occupier overseeing the administration of a defeated country. It is a fascinating and rare example of one woman’s appeal actually reaching Eisenhower’s hands. [#5116]

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early check by the "main" orator at Gettysburg dedication

Edward Everett; Statesman, Governor or Massachusetts, “main” orator at Gettysburg dedication. Signed check for 2 dollars on March 19, 1827 at the start of his second term in Congress. The check is payable to the bearer, most likely himself. Small cancellation marks away from the signature. [# 4779]

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Millard Fillmore two page ALS, Buffalo August 10, 1839 to the N.Y. law firm of Graham, Wood & Powers regarding a land sale. He signs as “Millard Fillmore for Fillmore & Haven” his law firm at the time. This is an excellent example of Fillmore’s pre-presidential handwriting and signature written in blue ink in a neat and clear hand and in fine condition. [#5016]

Buffalo Augt. 10, 1839
Yours of the 6th inst enclosing a copy of yours to Messrs. Hall and Marshall came to hand this morning. I regret extremely that our inability to attend to your first letter should have caused any inconvenience and embarrassment. Indeed, this business of appraisals and searches is so vexatious, we prefer avoiding it where we can, and do none of it except to accommodate a friend.
I immediately called on Mr. Hall who said that they had done nothing about investigating the title to the land covered by the mortgage of George H. Knight to Henry G. Root for $34,000, and desired us to attend to it. I have ordered a search by the county clerk, and as soon as that is received so as to know against whom to search, I will order the requisite search from the Supreme Court clerk’s office, and will investigate and report on the title with all convenient dispatch.
I have procured Messrs Clary and Clark to make an appraisal which I herewith enclose. Mr Clary I consider one of the best judges of property in the city. Mr. Clark is the principal state appraiser appointed by the Comptroller under the new
[p2] Banking law. I did not let them know my appraisal until they had made theirs. You will perceive that they appraise the land a little higher than I did, and the buildings the same. I filled out one of your printed forms so far as I know the facts & they would warrant and herewith enclose it.
I have personally called at the clerk’s office and enquired of the clerk and all his Deputies and they all concur in the opinion that the assignment from Root to the Bank never came to hand. Mr. Hall says he has received no certificate in relation to this title. Did you send any, except the county clerk’s certificate of this county, coming down to 1828 which you sent to me? If you have others it will save ___ expense and delay of procuring them.
Respectfully Yours
Millard Fillmore
For Fillmore & Haven
Mr--- Graham, Wood & Powers
New York C.

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Fillmore, Millard nice large 3.5 x 2.5 clip, probably from an album page, “Millard Fillmore/ July 18,1866”. Framed with an engraving and medallion. (17 x 14)

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unsigned original full length CDVof Fillmore. The back stamp is from E. Anthony in New York from a photographic negative from “Brady’s National Portrait Gallery” [#3467]

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Ford welcomes Party unity after '76 GOP nomination win against Reagan
38th President

Gerald Ford signed letter, one page, The White House, August 30, 1976. Two weeks before this letter, Ford had narrowly defeated Ronald Reagan for the Republican nomination. California Congressman Del Clawson sent the President a pledge of support to Ford after the convention.

Party unity was essential if Ford was going to have any chance in the general election, particularly in California. Ford is quick and gracious to reach out to his former House colleague Del Clawson who voted for fellow Californian Ronald Reagan. "Thank you so much for your warm message of congratulations and support. It is reassuring to know that your confidence and loyalty will be reflected in the total team effort which will bring us to victory on November 2."

The 1976 Republican National Convention was the last meaningful convention to actually determined the outcome of a presidential nomination. Reagan had challenged the incumbent president for the nomination. Ford went into the convention with a lead in pledged delegates but he did not have a majority. The lead-up to convention balloting included intense personal cajoling and pressure from both camps. A key procedural Floor vote went Ford's way creating the momentum for the actual nomination win of 1,187 votes to Reagan's 1,070.

Ford, of course lost the general election to Jimmy Carter. Four years later Carter faced his own party fight when he was challenged by Senator Ted Kennedy for the nomination. That fight was over before the convention but he had to face Reagan in the general election. Reagan and Ford had flirted with teaming up in 1980, with Ford running as Reagan's vice presidential running mate. It is arguable that Ford's convention victory of Reagan, referenced in this letter, paved the way for a stronger Reagan candidacy in 1980 that ushered the Reagan era.

Del Clawson was a member of the Church of Latter Day Saints, one of the first Mormon's to serve in Congress outside of Utah. He was a member of the House from 1963-to 1978.

The letter is in excellent, fresh condition with an inconspicuous single envelope fold. It is accompanied by the original unstamped White House envelope, indicating that the personal message from the President was hand-delivered to the Congressman's office. It is boldly signed in a heavy black ink "Jerry Ford". This is a very desirable Presidential letter referencing the last great convention fight for a presidential nomination. Although it does not mention Reagan by name it is also a wonderful association piece for Reagan collectors. [#3019]

Ford, Gerald R.

-- special presentation copy of his swearing-in remarks as President signed below his color portrait. Printed on high quality stock with a 6 x 8 formal portrait the document measures approximately 19 x 14 and contains the complete but brief remarks offered after taking the Presidential Oath in the East Room. Only a limited number were produced and each personally signed by the president. This attractive broadside is an impressive presidential souvenir and of course is part of one of the most dramatic political stories of Presidential history. [#4806]

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– ALS, Mentor, OH July 26, 1879 to Mrs. Francis Lieber on the front and back of a single 4to sheet of House of Representatives letterhead. Garfield sends a copy of his correspondence with her late husband for a biography. In part: “I am glad to be able to contribute in any way to the Biography of so great and good a man as your late husband. My correspondence with him is among the most pleasant recollections of the past.” Included is a reprint of the 1882 book The Life and Letters of Francis Lieber edited by Thomas Sargent Perry done in consultation with Mrs. Lieber.

Dr. Francis Lieber was one of the leading political philosophers of 19th Century America. Garfield and Lieber had a long-running relationship that included over 100 letters from Garfield. The book includes some of the letters between the two men.

An interesting letter showing the friendship between Garfield and one of the century’s leading intellectuals. It is also a nice example illustrating how Garfield saved and shared his extensive correspondence during his lifetime. [#5100]

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Letter to NY Gov. Hugh Carey

LS to New York Governor-Elect Hugh Carey recommending someone for a position in the Governor’s new administration. The December 11, 1974 letter was written as Senator-Elect and is boldly signed in blue. There is a circle drawn around a name in the text, certainly as a reference mark to route Glenn’s letter with the candidate’s application or file. [#4967]

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Nce inscription to Congressman Julius Kahn

– The Man Without A Country, A later edition from 1907 by Little, Brown and Company in Boston. Some beginning separation or cracking of the flyleaf signature page from the binding. “My dear Julius, I hope you will never live to see such a crisis as brought this book into being. Edward E. Hale.” Julius is Julius Kahn, a noted Congressman from California who served from 1889-1924 (losing in 1902 but regaining the seat in 1904). He was succeeded by his wife Florence Kahn who served another 12 years. Hale was appointed Chaplain of the U.S. Senate in 1903 and undoubtedly became friendly with Kahn. The book is a rather unimpressive later edition but the inscription and association make it a very nice piece. Should the page be removed from the book it would frame nicely. [#1797]

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Endorses the idea of using salesmen as Secret Service informants

-signed letter as senator, April 21, 1917, to his brother-in-law Ralph T. Lewis. Responding to an idea from Lewis, Harding writes: “I think the suggestion to employ commercial travelers [salesmen]in the secret service is a very practical one and I have already transmitted this suggestion to the Department of Justice…” He then comments on a suggestion about the nation’s transition from war to peace: “we must do the things which are necessary to enable this country to hasten the war to a satisfactory close.” Mailing fold and with the printed franked envelope. Nice early reference to the Secret Service and reference to intelligence gathering from civilian sources. [#4762]

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Hughes receives the Theodore Roosevelt medal

Chief Justice, Sec. of State, Presidential candidate. Signed letter 10/3/28 to George Kunz acknowledging congratulations on his being awarded the Theodore Roosevelt Distinguished Service Medal for 1928. [#4604]

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Johnson mentions the pressure of his Impeachment Trial

Signed letter 4/11/68 on Executive Mansion stationary, 1 page to the historian Harmon C. Westervelt concerning Congressional opposition to Johnson and alluding to the Impeachment. Johnson apologizes in a long delay to Westervelt’s letter two month’s earlier explaining that he was “prevented by the pressure of official duties” i.e. preparing for his Impeachment Trial. He then asks Westervelt to thank Mr. Browne and Hiram Ketchum for of copy of Ketchum’s remarks “so neatly and ingeniously transcribed, delivered in Union Square September 17, 1866.” The power struggle between Radical Republicans in Congress and the Democrat turned Republican president broke out early. Eighteen months prior to this letter a pro-Johnson rally was held in Union Square in New York with Johnson defenders whipping up support for national unity behind the president. It was this rally and a speech by Ketchum that Johnson references in this letter. The feud, of course, culminated in Articles of Impeachment against Johnson. The pressure Johnson was under must have been nearly all-consuming to have left Wersvelt’s letter go un-answered for so long. One week prior to the letter, the case against Johnson in the Senate was wrapped up. Johnson wrote this letter while his defense team was making their case to the Senate between April 9-20, 1868. Johnson presidential letters are few and far between. Those that mention the Impeachment are quite rare. This is a nice example that alludes to the trial but specifically recognizes his supporters who were making a case on his behalf. In excellent condition.

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desriable White House letter as First Lady

Lady Bird Johnson signed letter as First Lady with a holograph salutation. The First Lady thanks Gerald Wagner for a white orchid and a United Nations concert. She has crossed out the formal salutation and handwritten “Gerry” as well as signing the letter in full “Lady Bird Johnson”. The letter is on White House stationary with the blind embossed presidential seal. The October 23, 1968 letter was written just two weeks before the election of Richard Nixon and the start of her transition back to private life. There is a stamped docket on the reverse of the letter. Although not a rare autograph, Lady Bird’s autographs as First Lady are seen less often than other periods and her White House letters are desirable. [# 4225]

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signed letter as Attorney General 3/24/64 to Hazel Ritchie on her retirement from the U.S. Marshal's office in Pittsburg signed "Robert Kennedy". [#4685]

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Early legal document signed twice

William McKinley - partial but lengthy early ADS, Oct. 22, 1875. McKinley has signed twice: once as Wm. McKinley, Jr and then for the firm “W. + A McKinley”. It is also signed by his partner and brother-in-law George D. Saxton, who himself was murdered in 1898 over a legal case. There is a heavy tape stain across a horizontal center fold but away from the signatures. An unusually early example with plenty of handwriting and two examples of his last name.

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Signed card as Treasury Secretary

Andrew Mellon businessman, banker, diplomat and Cabinet Secretary. He served as Secretary of the Treasury under Presidents Harding, Coolidge and Hoover. He lost the confidence of Hoover who promoted him out of the Cabinet post to become Ambassador of Great Britain. Signed autograph card as Secretary of the Treasury. [#4881]

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Land grant as Governor of Virginia

Land grant as Governor of Virginia. The 14.5 x 12.5 parchment grant was signed by Monroe on Sept 5, 1800 with a brown ink making for a slightly lighter than normal signature. Monroe signed more land grants as Secretary of State under Madison and then as president than he did as Governor. The large format as Governor are more impressive and displayable than his presidential grants.

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Patricia Nixon signed letter on White House stationary, June 2, 1972 signed "Pat Nixon" to Virginia Sherwood expressing sympathy on the death of her son, along with the White House envelope. [#4708]

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Scarce White House letter on smut and pornography

Richard Nixon signed letter, White House, April 30, 1969 to Journalist Merriman Smith. Nixon congratulates Smith on some comments about "smut peddlers" and signs it with his initials "RN". Very early into his Presidency Nixon resorted to signing almost all of his letters with his initials. Merriman Smith was one of the most respected journalist of the 1960's, perhaps gaining his greatest fame as an on the scene reporter at the Kennedy assassination. This is a wonderful letter reflecting Nixon's unease with pornography and sex during the tumultuous '60's when the courts were striking down laws against pornography. It is also a nice example of Nixon trying to develop positive relations with the media in quiet ways like these personal notes recognizing a particular article or statement. The original mailing envelope is included. [#3913]

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Sees Reagan and Bush as a winning 1980 ticket

ALS with initials on personal stationery. Written to Bob Nesen on July 19, 1980 following the 1980 Republican National Convention: “You looked great on T.V. when you cast California’s votes for Reagan and Bush. It’s a winning ticket”. He signs it with his usual initials.

Nixon’s handwriting and initials are slightly larger than normal—possibly to make the brief three sentence letter appear longer by filling the entire page. It is an attractive handwritten example referencing the campaign and his two successors to the White House.

Nesen was an influential Republican leader in California who Nixon appointed to be Assistant Sec. of the Navy and Reagan would appoint as Ambassador to Australia. [#5094]

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Warning of a noted economistís ties to Communist groups.

Richard Nixon - LS, January 20, 1948 “Dick” to Charles Cooper. Twenty-one years to the day before he would be president, Nixon writes about the work that propelled him into the national spotlight as a leading opponent of Communism. Late in 1947 while in his first term in Congress, Nixon was appointed to the House Un-American Activities Committee. In the summer of 1948 the Hiss-Chamber’s case erupted and Nixon’s national reputation was born.

Nixon passes along information from the House Committee to Charles Cooper and Herman Perry about Scott Nearing “because he has a long record of Communist front activities”. Nearing was a prominent Socialist, economist, and pacifist. His published works and lectures on pacifism during World War I resulted in criminal prosecution for interfering with recruitment of soldiers. There are typical folds and handling of the letter but it would be hard to find a better example of Nixon’s early red-hunting of prominent figures.

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Warren Harding, Calvin Coolidge and Herbert Hoover

Following the end of the World War political attention turned back to domestic matters including economic growth and union organizing. Two areas of frequent union activity involved coal and rail disputes. The three post-war Republican presidents were caught between wanting labor peace without interfering with private businesses and concern about inflation following wage increases. These letters offer an intriguing glimpse of three perspectives on politics and policy to a common challenge of the coal strikes of the 1920’s. The Coolidge and Hoover letters are especially nice because they are on official mourning stationery honoring Harding.

Warren Harding – LS, The White House, August 1, 1922 to Robert Underwood Johnson on the threat of railway strikes. While the nation was facing violence and great inconvenience by the rail strikes this is a revealing letter on the political strategy of dealing with coal strikes. Harding tells Johnson in part: “I much prefer to adjust the present railway controversy because the impaired transportation is very greatly menacing the country at large and making much more difficult the solution of the coal problem….” Harding counted on localized coal strikes being managed simply by backfilling shortages with supplies from other parts of the country. A national transportation strike served to make that supply strategy less effective. Johnson was a noted author and for a short while Ambassador to Italy under both Wilson and Harding. $900

Calvin Coolidge – LS to Mass. Senator Henry Cabot Lodge, August 28, 1923 just weeks after Harding’s death. Coolidge takes credit for pushing Pennsylvania Governor Pinchot to take action in addressing the anthracite coal strikes in Pennsylvania. Faced with his first domestic crisis and public doubts about his leadership the new president was torn between public pressure and his own political beliefs of light interference in commerce. By shifting the focus back on the Governor he sidestepped national pressure and avoided the inevitable backlash that hit Pinchot on driving fuel costs up as part of a labor resolution. There is an interesting backstory as to whether Pinchot, an emerging political rival to Coolidge, saw an opportunity in the absence of Coolidge’s leadership or if Coolidge convinced him to act. Coolidge is positioning himself as the strong leader who persuaded the Governor to do his job. A copy of Lodge’s long response to Coolidge is included. One of the most interesting and revealing Coolidge letters about his first challenge as the new president. $1,500

Herbert Hoover – two pages LS, on black bordered Sec. of Commerce mourning stationery to the Federal Fuel Distributor. Written just days apart from the above Coolidge letter, Hoover discusses a proposal offered from the National Coal Association representing the bituminous coal companies. He commends them for not exploiting the anthracite strike but rejects their suggestion that the government bring stability by fixing prices higher than the current market rate. In some detail Hoover reviews the government’s limited authority and the impact on free markets and competition from setting prices. He maintains that the federal government’s best role is to act as a neutral market facilitator by coordinating transportation systems which allowed supplies from one region to compensate for shortages from strikes in another region. A wonderful example of Hoover’s philosophy of political restraint in economic markets. It may not have served him so well during the Depression. $900

Signed by 5 Presidents
Presidents signed photo
George W. Bush as President

Color photo of the North Portico of the White House matted and signed by 5 Presidents with an autopen of Ronald Reagan. Gerald Ford and Richard Nixon both added their Presidential numbers and George H. Bush dated it, as President. George H. W. Bush and Jimmy Carter added large felt tip signatures. There is room for additional signatures. Some bumps at edges but makes for a dramatic display piece.

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1942 Christmas gift

1942 presidential Christmas gift, a a Defense Bonds stamp folder. Inside the folder is a paper album with 75 spaces for .25 cent bond stamps. These booklets were issued by the government to encourage Americans to buy bonds that were necessary for supporting the war effort. When an album was filled it could be redeemed for a $25 bond at the cost of $18.75. There are two stamps in the album.

Mary Evans Seeley’s reference book Seasons Greetings From The White House indicates that this gift to the White House staff included one stamp from the President. The recipient of this one added only one more, making this a nearly mint, unused book. Seeley does not provide a count of how many of these were distributed but she does point out that only 300 people received gifts in 1943. Few of these have survived almost none will be in as nice condition as this one.

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TR tries to recruit the Roosevelt Dvision for WW I

-LS, July 27, 1916 on Metropolitan stationery to Admiral Seaton Schroeder. In this brief note Roosevelt tells Schroeder that any son of his would be welcome in a Roosevelt Division. After the US entered World War Roosevelt lobbied Congress and President Wilson to be given a command of some troops in Europe. Congress even passed a law for his benefit to allow volunteer divisions to be deployed. Roosevelt went so far as to begin recruiting volunteers to serve under him. Wilson finally declined TR’s offer. No doubt he sensed that sending the aged and bombastic former president into battle would create more political problems than military victories. This letter suggests Roosevelt was actively laying plans for a volunteer force well before the US even entered the war. Ironically, Seaton Schroeder, who served in the Civil War and rose to the rank of Rear Admiral in the Spanish American War, was called back to service in World War I. [#5074]

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signed letter on Vice President’s Chamber stationery, Oyster Bay July 15, 1901 to Curtis Guild, future Governor of Massachusetts. Roosevelt agrees to meet with Grover Flint but says he will be away until mid-August. He spent the summer touring the west that year. Guild served in the Spanish American war and was a close friend of TR. Flint was a distinguished journalist who had also served in the war. Roosevelt became Vice President on March 4, 1901 serving just six months when he became President following McKinley’s assassination in September. That short tenure makes his Vice Presidential letters quite uncommon. This example has a nice dark signature. A final line in the letter is crossed out in a blue pencil or crayon, presumable by Guild or TR. [#5082]

FDR speechwriter and screenwriter
Sherwood, Robert

Playwright, screenwriter, FDR speechwriter. Signed letter, Dec. 1947, mentioning his firend the poet Arthur Guiterman. #4145

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The Court Roosevelt tried to pack

Supreme Court –an album sheet signed by all nine Justices of the Court that sat untouched through Roosevelt’s first term. It was arguably FDR’s worst political call as President. The Court blocked several key New Deal laws prompting FDR to try to pack it with new Justices. The Court packing bill sparked a strong political backlash. The divisive challenge to the Court’s independence was averted when Justice Roberts threw his vote in favor of a New Deal law he previously opposed. The vote was quickly dubbed as “the switch in time that saved nine.” The sheet is signed twice by Chief Justice Charles E. Hughes on one side in the middle of the page which he crossed out and then on the other side allowing room for all the Justices. The page is also signed by Willis Van Devanter, James McReynolds, Louis Brandeis, George Sutherland, Pierce Butler, Edward Sanford, Owen Roberts, Benjamin Cardozo and Harlan Fiske Stone.

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Taft sours on Roosevelt

Signed letter on personal stationary 5/22/16 to Major Wallace Batchelder. Acting as the elder Party statesman and titular head of his Party the ex-president carefully avoids interference with the nominating process … with one exception. “There are so many gentlemen being considered by the Republican Convention, to whom I am under great personal obligation that I regret I can not state my preference.” He signs the letter then handwrites: “Except that I am very much opposed to Mr. Roosevelt’s nomination.” The Roosevelt-Taft friendship broke after Taft succeeded TR into the White House. Roosevelt’s attempt for a comeback in 1912 challenging Taft’s re-election helped Woodrow Wilson walk in. The friendship soured and a lengthy public feud became legendary. Letters from either attacking the other are highly desirable and fun.

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ALS as President

John Tyler, two page ALS as President, October 15, 1844, discssing the supplies for a military unit. Darkly penned on the front and back of a single 8vo sheet signed "J. Tyler". [#4531]

U.S. Cabinet Secretaries.

Unless noted signed letters are on the appropriate Department stationary and are routine content.

James Garfield
Wayne MacVeagh (Attorney General) $50

Chester Arthur
Frederick Frelinghuysen (State) $50
Benjamin Brewster (Attorney General) ALS $45
William Hunt (Navy) $25
Charles Folger (Navy) $20
William Chandler (Navy) $45

Theodore Roosevelt
George Cortelyou (Commerce, Treasury and Postmaster) White House stationary $60

Woodrow Wilson
Robert Lansing (State) post-service private stationary ($100)
Josephus Daniels (Navy) $35
Mitchell Palmer (Justice) $20
Thomas Gregory (Attorney General) $25
William McAdoo (Treasury and son-in-law) $40

William H. Taft
Philander Knox (State) $20
Richard Ballinger (Interior) $20
George Wickersham (Attorney General) ALS $60

Warren Harding
Charles Evans Hughes (State—Supreme Court Chief Justice) on private stationary $100
Harry Daugherty (Attorney General) $35
James Davis (Labor –Harding/Coolidge) $40
Harry New (Postmaster) $25

Calvin Coolidge
Frank Kellogg (State- Nobel Prize winner) $90; on Senate stationary $60
Dwight Davis (War) $50
Curtis Wilbur (Navy) $20

Herbert Hoover
Charles F. Adams (Navy) $25

Franklin D. Roosevelt
James Farley (Postmaster General) $50
Frank Knox (Navy) on newspaper stationary $65

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Vice Presidents- group lot of four pieces signed by 6 vice presidents. The major piece in the lot is an album page signed by Calvin Coolidge as president and his vice-president Charles Dawes as well as Charles Curtis who would later serve as Hoover’s VP. The page contains other signatures including Senators William Borah (ID), George W. Norris (NE), Walter Edge (NJ), Lawrence Phipps (CO). It is dated by a collector in pencil April 26, 1926 with some margin notations indicating the offices of the signers. A very nice grouping of three successive VP’s on one sheet. Other pieces include Henry Wallace- VP under FDR- LS 1953 congratulating someone for not being affiliated with a political party; Nelson Rockefeller as Governor, LS 1965 responding to an autograph request; Spiro Agnew as VP, inscribed photo with large VP envelope.

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FDR's 2nd VP transitions to the Cabinet

Henry Wallace, Vice President under FDR during WWII and a candidate for President in 1948 as the Progressive Party nominee. Signed letter “H.A. Wallace” on Commerce Dept. stationary 4/5/45 to Harold Thompson. Wallace responds to a congratulatory letter from a friend apologizing for the delay in responding. FDR had offered the position to his former vice president but of course died just weeks into his new administration. Truman made good on the offer and appointed him as one of his first acts as the new president. Wallace explains the heavy flow of mail and lack of help between his leaving office and assuming the new position. [#4865]

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Wilson looks to the Churches to restore post-war America

Signed letter April 22, 1923, 4to, personal stationary. Wilson writes to Rev. Smith of Haverhill, Mass concerning a church resolution. In part: “…The churches can, and I hope will, do a vast deal of good in leading the country back to the high levels from which it has descended since the war.” Signed in full with an unusually dark signature and an uncommonly good content letter reflecting on post-war conditions in America. [#2196]